Saturday, 21 May 2016 04:43

Dhp 01:06 - The Weak Succumb To Temptation But Not The Strong

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Dhp 01:06 - The Weak Succumb To Temptation But Not The Strong

Whoever lives contemplating pleasant things,
with senses unrestrained, in food immoderate,
indolent, inactive, him verily Mara overthrows,
as the wind (overthrows) a weak tree. (7)

Whoever lives contemplating "the Impurities",
with senses restrained, in food moderate, full of faith,
full of sustained energy, him Mara over-throws not,
as the wind (does not overthrow) a rocky mountain. (8)


Mahakala and Culakala were two merchant brothers. While travelling about selling their merchandise they had the opportunity to listen to a discourse given by the Buddha. After hearing the discourse Mahakala became a bhikkhu by conviction while Culakala also became a bhikkhu but without any faith.

Mahakala was serious in his meditation and diligently meditated on decay and impermanence of the body at the cemetery. He finally gained Insight and attained Arahanthood. Culakala was not interested in spiritual development and was constantly thinking of sensual pleasures.

Later, the Buddha and his disciples, including the two brothers, happened to be staying in the forest of Simsapa. While staying there, the former wives of Culakala invited the Buddha and his disciples to their house. Culakala himself went ahead to prepare seating arrangements for the Buddha and his disciples. The former wives of Culakala managed to persuade him to return to a householder’s life.

The next day, the wives of the elder brother invited the Buddha and his disciples to their house hoping to do with Mahakala what the wives of Culakala had done. After the meal they requested the Buddha to let Mahakala remain to express appreciation (anumodana). So the Buddha and the other bhikkhus left leaving behind Mahakala.

Arriving at the village gate the bhikkhus expressed their apprehension that Mahakala would be persuaded by his former wives to leave the Order as had happened to Culakala. To this, the Buddha replied that the two brothers were different. Culakala indulged in sensual pleasures and was weak minded.  Mahakala, on the other hand, being free of sensual pleasures, was diligent, steadfast and strong in his faith in the Buddha, the Dhamma and the Sangha.  The Buddha said the weak succumb to temptation but not the strong. 

Teaching Focus: Those who dwell on the attractiveness of sensual enjoyment, and live with the senses unguarded, and are immoderate in eating, they are slothful and weak in perseverance and will-power. Emotions overpower such persons easily as the wind overpowers a weak tree. (7) Those who dwell on the unattractiveness of sensual enjoyment, and live with the senses well guarded, and are moderate in eating, they are devoted to the Teaching and to persistent methodical practice. Such persons are not overpowered by emotions just as a rocky mountain is not shaken by the wind. (8)

Verse Translation (best effort)
Tiến Việt Ai sống nhìn tịnh tướng, Không hộ trì các căn, ăn uống thiếu tiết độ, biếng nhác, chẳng tinh cần. Ma uy hiếp kẻ ấy, như cây yếu trước gió. (7) Ai sống quán bất tịnh, Khéo hộ trì các căn, ăn uống có tiết độ, Có lòng tin, tinh cần, Ma không uy hiếp được, Như núi đá, trước gió. (8)
Le Français Celui qui demeure contemplant le plaisant, avec des sens non contrôlés immodéré en nourriture, paresseux, inerte, celui là, en vérité, Māra le renversera comme le vent renverse un arbre frêle. (7) Celui qui demeure contemplant le déplaisant, avec des sens bien contrôlés, modéré en nourriture, avec confiance et effort soutenu, Māra ne peut le renverser comme le vent ne peut renverser une montagne de roc. (8)
Deutsch Wer lebt, nur immer Schönheit sieht, unkontrolliert im Sinnendrang, beim Essen ohne jedes Maß, voll Trägheit, ohne Energie, den, wahrlich, Māro überkommt, wie Wind den Baum von schwacher Kraft. (7) Wer lebt, nicht immer Schönheit sieht, wohl kontrolliert im Sinnendrang, beim Essen immer voller Maß, vertrauensvoll, bereit zur Tat, den niemals Māro überkommt, wie nie der Wind das Felsgebirg. (8)
Español Al que vive apegado al placer, con los sentidos irrefrenados, sin moderación en la comida, indolente, inactivo, a ese Mara lo derriba, como el viento derriba a un árbol débil. (7) Al que vive consciente de las impurezas, con los sentidos refrenados, moderado en la comida, lleno de fe, lleno de sustentadora energía, a ese Mara no lo derribará, como el viento no derribará a la montaña. (8)
Pу́сский язы́к Того, кто живет в созерцании удовольствий, необузданного в своих чувствах, неумеренного в еде, ленивого, нерешительного, – именно его сокрушает Мара, как вихрь – бессильное дерево. (7) Того, кто живет без созерцания удовольствий, сдержанного в своих чувствах и умеренного в еде, полного веры и решительности, – именно его не может сокрушить Мара, как вихрь не может сокрушить каменную гору. (8)
Magyar Nyelv Aki csak a gyönyört nézi, nem fékezi érzékeit, az evésben mértéktelen, hanyag és gyenge jellemű, azt ledönti a Kísértő, mint korhadt fát a szélvihar. (7) Aki a rosszat átlátja, megfékezi érzékeit, Az evésben mértékletes, hitben szilárd, iparkodó, nem bír azzal a Kísértő, mint sziklával a szélvihar. (8)
Read 1778 times Last modified on Wednesday, 08 June 2016 16:27
Rich Wermske

My pedigree and bona fides are published elsewhere. That said, I respect that a few may wish to learn more about the private person behind the writing.  While I accept I am exceptionally introverted (tending toward the misanthropic), I do enjoy socializing and sharing time with like-minded individuals. I have a zeal for integrity, ethics, and the economics of both interpersonal and organizational behavior.

The product of multi-generational paternal dysfunction, I practice healthy recovery (sobriety date December 11, 2001).  I am endogamous in my close personal relationships and belong to a variety of tribes that shape my worldview (in no particular order):

☯ I participate in and enjoy most geek culture. ☯ I am a practicing Buddhist and a legally ordained minister. I like to believe that people of other spiritual/faith systems find me approachable.  I am a member of the GLBTQA community -- I married my long-time partner in a ceremony officiated by Jeralita "Jeri" Costa of Joyful Joinings on November 18, 2013, certificated in King County, Seattle WA. We celebrate an anniversary date of February 2, 2002.  I am a service-connected, disabled, American veteran (USAF).  I am a University of Houston alumnus (BBA/MIS) and currently studying as a post baccalaureate for an additional degree in Philosophy and Law, Values, & Policy.  I am a retired Bishop in the Church of Commerce and Capitalism; the story arch of my prosecuting and proselytizing the technological proletariat is now behind me.  I am a native Houstonian (and obviously Texan).  At 50 years old, I am a "child of the sixties" and consider the 80's to be my formative years.

As I still struggle with humility, I strive to make willingness, honesty, and open mindedness cornerstones in all my affairs. Fourteen years of sobriety has taught me that none of "this" means a thing if I'm unwilling, dishonest, or close minded.  Therefore I work hard on the things I believe in --

  • I believe we can always achieve more if we collaborate and compromise.
  • I believe that liberal(ism) is a good word/concept and something to be proud to support.  The modern, systematic corruption of liberal ideas is a living human tragedy.
  • I believe in a worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality. The pragmatism of this site and my journey is rooted in both classical and social liberalism.
  • I believe in democratic elections and institutions including a media free of commercial and governmental bias.  Liberty and equality perish when a society becomes uneducated and/or ill-informed.
  • I believe in diversity of life and ideas.  Life and ideas can only flourish when the gene pool is vast and abundantly differentiated.
  • I believe in advancing balance in civil, social, and privacy rights such that all of humanity is continuously uplifted.
  • I believe in separation of church (spirituality) and state (governance) -- with neither in supremacy nor subjugation.
  • I believe in private (real or tangible) property explicitly excluding ideas, knowledge, and methods; such non-tangibles, by natural law, being free for all humanity and emancipated at conception.

While change and the uncertainty of the future may be uncomfortable, I do not fear the unknown; therefore:

    • I believe I must be willing to make difficult choices, that those choices may not be all that I desire, and that such may result in undesirable (or unintended) consequences;
    • I believe we must be willing to make mistakes or be wrong; and I am willing to change my mind if necessary.
I undertake to abide the five precepts of Buddhism; therefore:
  1. I believe it is wrong to kill or to knowingly allow others to kill.
  2. I believe it is wrong to steal or to knowingly allow others to steal.
  3. I believe in abstention from sexual misconduct.
  4. I believe it is wrong to lie or to knowingly allow others to lie.
  5. I believe in abstention from non-medicinal intoxicants as such clouds the mind.

Suicide, major depression, borderline personality, and alcoholism are feral monsters ever howling at my doorstep. However, despite my turbulent and tragic past, rare is the day where I have to rationalize, defend, or justify the actions of that person I see looking back at me in the mirror...

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